Soccer For Beginners
Soccer is the world’s most popular sport. It is played by 250 million players in 150 countries. It’s official name is association football, but is also known as football or soccer. It is usually played by two teams composing of eleven, five or three players for each team. However, official games should have eleven players per team.
In this sport, you can use any part of your body, except the hands, to touch the ball. The goal is to kick a ball through a net. Over the years, it has been more popular to different countries and cities. It is said that the first form of football is cuju or kick ball. It has been even before the Han Dynasty. To the people who want to learn soccer, here are the basics.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
Field or Pitch
The pitch is usually a flat surface with the length of 110-120 yards (100-110 meters) and width of 70-80 yards (64-75 meters) for adult matches. However, fields for non-international matches can have 50-100 yards (45-90 meters) for the width and 100-130 yards (90-120 meters) for the length, as long as it won’t be square.
There are two different boundary lines. The shorter one are goal lines, while the longer ones are touchlines. At the middle of each goal line, a rectangular post is positioned. Usually, there are nets behind each rectangular goal, however, it is not required by the soccer laws.
The penalty area is the one in front of the goal. The usual functions of this are to mark where the goalkeeper may handle the ball and where a member of the defending team can be punishable by a penalty kick, because of a penalty foul. The other lines usually determining the starting position of the players and the ball.
The ball is a spherical ball. It usually weighs 410-450 grams or 14-16 oz. It have a pressure of 0.6 and 1.1 bars (8.5 and 15.6 psi) at sea level. The ball is usually synthetic and has the circumference of 27 and 28 inches or 68 and 70 centimeters.
- Goalkeeper – it is one of the most important and most defensive position in football. They are only player who can touch the ball while in the pitch. They sometimes give out commands because they have better view of the pitch since they usually stay inside their own penalty area. They also wear gloves and a different color of uniform during the match.
- Midfielder – their main goal is to take the ball from the other team and try to maintain possession of the ball. They can sometimes take the ball from the other team, so they can pass it to the strikers. They can either be par of the defense or the offense. They are found in front of the defenders but behind the attacking forwards.
- Defenders – they are the one who usually stay at their side of the pitch, so they can add defense in preventing the other team from scoring a goal. They are usually found in front of the goalkeeper but behind the midfielder.
- Forward – they are sometimes called the strikers. By their name, you can figure out what is their main goal. Their job is to create scoring chances for the team or to score a goal. Main strikers, support strikers and wingers (both left wingers and right wingers) are part of the forward. They are the players nearest to the opposing team.
- Ball – it is obvious that you cannot play soccer or football without a ball.
- Shoes and socks – when players are going to play on grass, they need to wear cleats. It can help you grip on the surface. Soccer socks are usually long (usually knee length) and thick because it will prevent you from having blisters. Some players would wear two socks.
- Shirts and shorts – these are the things that you will need to wear and is part of your uniform.
- Protective Gears – this include shin guards and gloves. Shin guards protect your knees, usually during heavy tackles. Gloves are used by goal keepers to have greater grip on the ball and to protect their hands when catching or punching the ball.
- Goal – another need when playing soccer. You can never determine the winner or determine scores if you don’t have a goal. You can use any markers like cones for unofficial games.
There are 90 minutes in each game. It is divided into two, meaning there will be 45 minutes for the first half, then another 45 minutes for the next. The break in between is called the half time break, which usually lasts for 15 minutes. The end of the match is known as full-time. The official timekeeper for the match is the referee. The timer does not stop when the ball is out of play. They can also add a few minutes when the time runs out due to time lost during substitutions, injuries and other stoppages.
Those are the basics of the game. I hope that now, you can understand football better whether you are on the pitch or just watching at home. If ever you will participate in a football game soon, do score me a goal.